Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel The passivation procedure I intend following, in general, ASTM ASTM A [link is to . Delstar Metal Finishing maintains high standards in stainless steel passivation, meeting the ASTM A standards. ASTM A passivation standards include.

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Usually it is best to send the spools to a metal finishing shop which is already experienced in and equipped for the process. This process makes the part less susceptible to rust and corrosion.

In addition, visual inspection of internal surfaces is often impossible because of the configuration of the item.

I believe you must pickle the spools with an acid which contains fluoride in some form — often a standard nitric-hydrofluoric pickling acid or pickling paste, and follow this either with electropolishing or with nitric acid passivation or citric acid passivation to the standards discussed above. It therefore in no way precludes the necessity for careful planning and judgment in the selection and implementation of such procedures.

Citric acid passivation as an alternative to nitric acid treatments Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

Passivation of 316L SS per ASTM A380

Visual inspection; wipe tests; residual pattern; water-break test; free iron test such as water-wetting or drying; high-humidity test; and copper sulfate test. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following: Related Links Suppliers of Passivating Products. Precaution shall always be practiced to minimize iron contamination, in reuse of cleaning and pickling solution, in water rinsing, in circulation of cleaning solutions and rinse water, in protection of cleaned surfaces, for safety, and disposal of used solutions and water.


Specifications for passivation treatments for stainless steels Traditionally the American standards have been used. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. If you let this solution inside your S.

It’s not possible to diagnose a finishing problem or the hazards of passkvation operation via these pages. It was at one time considered that an oxidizing treatment was necessary to establish this passive metal oxide film, but it is now accepted that this film will form spontaneously in an oxygen-containing environment providing that the surface has been thoroughly cleaned or descaled.

Let us know if we can help. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Lee Kremer Stellar Solutions, Inc. Give pzssivation a call or visit our contact page to request a quote for your project today! For certain exceptional applications, additional requirements which are not covered by this practice may be specified upon agreement between the supplier and the purchaser. In the case of classes C3 and C4, a two step process is defined, with a clean water rinse between the two steps, shown in the table below.

Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Process Class Stainless Steel Types C1 or C2 Austenitics, austenitic precipitation hardening and duplex C3 High chromium martensitics C4 Ferritics, martensitics and martensitic precipitation hardening.

Scales shall be removed through chemical descaling, acid pickling, and mechanical descaling. Passivation is a post-fabrication method aastm maximizing the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Such chemical treatment is generally not necessary for the formation of the passive metal oxide film.

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Article: Passivation of stainless steels

Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation.

Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following:. I agree with Lee that what you are proposing should not be a problem with the EP’d surfaces. Although they apply primarily to materials in the composition ranges of the austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and duplex stainless steels, the practices described may also be useful for cleaning other metals if due consideration is given to corrosion and possible metallurgical effects.

The standard notes that the high carbon martensitic stainless steels, such as C, are not suitable for acid passivation as they astn be attacked or be subject to hydrogen embrittlement.

Passivation treatments are sometimes specified, but it is important to consider whether this is strictly necessary or not. It is also quite out of date and needs to be updated.

There are better formulations for doing what you want, however, that passsivation available on a proprietary basis. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date. The treatments are then defined by the process classes. Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections.

This process greatly reduces the formation rust on the surface of the workpiece. Meaningful tests to establish the degree of cleanness of a surface are few, and those are often difficult to administer pazsivation to evaluate objectively.

Specific treatments are however also specified.